Eradicating Gender Based Violence : What’s new in our arsenal of prevention?

As the world braces up for the yearly  commemorations of 16 days against gender based violence, this year’s commemorations are historic and reflective of  the miles that have been traveled and also an  introspection of what’s new in our arsenal of prevention as we move forward is  undeniably one of the trending issues to be  looked at.

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Millennium Development Goals  have been a global focus for development since 2000-2015.

I suppose we all know that  the globe is transitioning from the eight  Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) that were adopted in 2000 and they came to a halt last year after having been the globe’s focus for development for fifteen years .
However Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)are now  a new focus for global development after the realisation that  there are certain areas where governments  have failed to meet the  MDG’s  targets due  to a lot of  factors  that bottlenecked these developments , so in pursuit of those goals,  seventeen (17)  Sustainable Development Goals  officially came into effect last year through endorsement by member states at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA).

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Sustainable Development Goals will be the globe’s focus for development for the next fifteen years.

Goal 3  of  MDGs was  targeted at eradicating gender inequality  which also focused on ending all forms of domestic  violence, but because this target wasn’t met as clearly evidenced by GBV  cases that are still rife globally,  goal  5 of SDGs is now focusing on that.
Goal 5 .2 of the SDGs  targets that by 2030 , there will be elimination of all forms of violence against all women and girls in public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation.  This is a very ambitious target which needs not a ‘one size fits all’ approach if the globe is to eradicate GBV.

Below are case studies of young Zimbabwean women who are victims of GBV . These are their stories:

*Belinda chipuni(not real name) aged 22  stays in Epworth  one of the shanty towns a few miles out of Harare’s Suburbs .
She got married at the age of fifteen  and bore 2 children . Her husband who have two other wives  is old and  very violent.
He abuses her physically, each time he beats her up, he uses fists and  sticks.
At times the violence only  ends up  after the furniture has been reduced to mere rubbles.
As if vandalizing furniture and butchering her is  not enough , Belinda’s husband  doesn’t support her  neither her two children.
She can’t send her children to school  either.  The pathetic young mother  dread  the horror everyday, but does nothing about it .
Belinda survives on  vending, but this hand-to-mouth business of hers doesn’t yield much except to keep her and the two children alive .
This young lady can’t go back to her parents home because her father too is a violent man who used to  beat her and her mother  for trivial issues.
The mother is now deceased and the father married another wife, a move  which has shut all her  hope of ever returning back to her parents home.
Belinda narrates that she had had three miscarriages before conceiving the two children she now have.
Apart from the beatings and miscarriages, she noted that she also suffered  an early menopause, she hasn’t seen her period for two years now, but she believes she has been bewitched by other wives of her husband out of jealousy.
Could the early menopause be as a result of  the violence she encountered…. she  has no explanation for that and has no medical explanation as well to what could have led  to the early menopause.

In another case, Dorcas kanyangarara aged  25  got married at the age of 17  , she said  it was a forced marriage, but later managed to accept her fate.
She got two miscarriages before  conceiving a son that  she now has. The husband abused her physically several times during all her pregnancies and that contributed immensely to her miscarriages, he would make her do laborious jobs  even if she indicated that she was in pain .
The husband later suffered from stroke and  died and she remarried .
Nothing has however changed in her second marriage, in fact the second husband is even worse.
He  doesn’t want the child from her first marriage   and  this is usually the bone of their contention.
Whenever he comes home drunk, he throws her son and his  belongings outside threatening to kill him if he  dare set his foot in his house again. The son  is only six years old, a minor  still needs proper parenting.
This scenario traumatises her and her son.
At some point she reported the violence cases to the nearby police station, but when  her husband was summoned he said the woman was a  liar and nothing like that was taking place at home , the husband  had  invited other relatives who also witnessed in favor of him.
Although the  evidence of GBV was there, the police officers only insisted that they should  go  home and resolve  their issues  in a more amicable way .
This has made her lose confidence in the  law enforcement agents, she thinks they are more biased towards men who are perpetrators of violence.
Dorcas  wishes that one day she  will be able to fight back and never be a victim of GBV.

These two case studies depicts the  numerous domestic violence cases   that targets women at large .
It is therefore  worthy to note that  this era of SDGs ushered in a new dawn of hope,  where engaging  young people  as agents of change in speaking up against GBV  in their  diverse societies is a new approach needed in the arsenal of prevention.

To begin with,  working with youth is a sustainable way of  eradicating and preventing GBV  as this is a critical time when they are socialized to  societal values and norms of the society.
For example  engaging boys not only prevent violence against women and girls, but help improve  the lives of men and boys by freeing them from harmful and myopic aspects of masculinity that continue to drive GBV.
As an aftermath,  the society will flourish with  tolerance to  gender equality.

Moreover, because violence against women and girls  is deeply rooted in gender-based discrimination, societal norms  and gender stereotypes, it is important to  start prevention from an early stage of life by educating and demonstrating to young people how   eradicating GBV is healthy to their families and societies at large.
By the time they have their own families, young men will be responsible husbands to their wives . Such kind of socialization should be propagated right and the time I believe  is now .

Furthermore, equality as  stipulated  in the UN Charter is a fundamental principle of international law .Therefore achieving gender equality and eradicating  all forms of violence based on gender must be  a societal responsibility  that puts young people on the forefront  as they are the ones who still have so much zest for life  unlike the elderly who find it difficult to change from the norms of masculinity  they have grasped at a tender age.

I have therefore no doubt that  meeting the targets of SDGs  and doing away with gender discrimination  lies entirely on how  much governments are willing to invest in their young people to lead this change.
Of late  engagement of young people has always been tokenistic.   This  has  however   stifled progress and rendered young people  incompetent, yet they are innovative and have an amazing way of communicating with other young people from all over the globe  through the concept of embracing simplicity.
I wish if governments could  grasp this concept of simplicity,   positive change becomes inevitable .
Young people  are the new  approach needed in the arsenal of prevention so lets give them a chance and full support for sustainable results!

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The sun is rising in the ghetto

If cancer which feeds on our weak cells , finds a weakness and begins to eat away, then hopefully , somewhere  within our bodies too  there  are certainly cells which fight and reject the deformity  as well.
No matter the circumstances, there has to be a way somewhere, somehow which permits you to write  your own stanza – saying it in your own way .
What is needed is a complete erasure of that space which breeds   self-doubt because  a mere  entertainment of  it will  turn one  into a captive.

This is an epitome  of a young kid rising in the block of music.
He resides  in the western suburbs of Harare, a busy area and obviously one  of the oldest  cities  in Harare.  The city  is undoubtedly now   overpopulated  and also known for  harboring thieves, prostitutes, drug dealers notably marijuana gamblers .
Mufakose is known for such rot,  but it is  in this place  that  promising talents are blooming arrayed with glitz thus   overshadowing the rot.
The youngster who is  rising  up neither thought of himself as vulnerable nor  disadvantaged   but only  as an achiever. What  puzzles me is his confidence . Philosophically I believe he’s an optimist who sees opportunities in a wrecked, disavantaged situation.

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Tawanda Innocent Christmas 
a.k.a Tazee-Jonez

Tracing down his history, no sane person could listen to him narrating his  melancholic  ordeal without  shedding tears.
Tawanda Innocent Christmas  whose parents died when he was still young, is the second born in a family of three boys . He was raised by his grandmother  , but sadly, she couldn’t live long enough to see ” Tazee-Jonez ” as he is known in the music circles fulfilling his dream.

As a child, music played  a huge part in his life .Surprisingly his taste of music  conflicted  significantly with  that of  pals in  his hood. For those who know, the  ghetto is well known for conceiving’Zim dancehall’ , but Tazee-Jones favored hip- hop and an introspection  both on his presentation and dressing,  stand as a testimony  that surely  this genre  flows  swiftly through his veins.

He began his career in 2006  doing ghetto street cyphers  where  music artists where battling it out in the street . Some have since  ceased pursuing  the career that is so  daunting, but   he has been struggling, undeterred by his disadvantages and is  staying afloat in the  wave of hardships.

Tazee-Jonez was mainly inspired by  Timothy Katerere  better known as DJ Timmy Bwoi in the music cycles, he is also a producer  who owns a recording studio  in Mufakose. Tendai Masango also known as Jnr T and Boss Spencer  also  played a great role in inspiring the youngster.

With a genuine smile Tawanda,  could not hide why he chose to chase a different genre that is not well  accustomed with ghetto youngsters like him, he always dream that one day his music will go beyond the boarders of Zimbabwe and earn a decent living from his career. He also envy  Buffalo Soldier,who is also an offspring of Mufakose  but now enjoying his high-profile  music career  and a  lavish  lifestyle in South Africa.

Tazee-Jonez  had done a lot of collaborations  and the songs are mainly influenced by ghetto blues ranging from where he began up to  where he is now.
His first song  is called Nhasi takunwa ft Goodkid, Soul ft Feel Dee and Goodkid, Handife ndaregedza ft Ray Gee, Mfombi is my hood ft Weezy tiffy, Trimagandanga ft Weezy tiffy, Hona  ft Wizey 400, Boys rematimber ft Trap boy James, Same old, Can’t feel it ft Tracy and We up ft Pinky.
These 10 singles  are a testimony  to his hardwork, consistency and talent.
Like the old proverb say ” those who make it in life are the ones who move forward undaunted by hardships”  the youngster surely  deserves a chance if  opportunity and any other help is to come along his way.
Tawanda is just an epitome of the  youngsters who are rising in different ghettos, many have exceptional talents that are going unnoticed, only time will tell before  the talent  became so overwhelming and cannot be contained anymore.

Youngsters like himself often feel deterred by people who tell them chasing a music career is a waste of time, but truth be told- nothing is a waste of time if you use the experience wisely.

This is what went wrong with feminism :Opinion

“I am lucky to be licking the right ass” ,  a controversial phrase  as it may seem is  from someone who happens to be a feminist. Chimamanda Ngozie  Adichie a successful Nigerian feminist have written a lot of books that are  full of feminist ideologies among them Purple Hibiscus, Half of a yellow sun, We should all be feminists and  Americanah.  The quote I have used an an escort is from her book Americanah and it   begins by saying, “The  biggest problem  in this country is not corruption. The problem is that there are many qualified people who are not where they are supposed to be because they won’t lick anybody’s ass or they don’t know which ass to lick or they don’t even know how to lick an ass. I’m lucky to be licking the right ass”. Whatever that means,I believe its a subjective issue, it depends on how you view it  , but  the phrase did a great job in bringing  me closer to the  main issue of this article which is  feminism and its short comings.

To begin with,  I  would like to applaud feminists both late and living for endangering their lives in standing up against  radicalism which was  and is still rife within the spheres of life which continue to  subjugate women in all forms.   The forerunners did a great job and without their effort the likes of myself and my fellow female colleagues would not have  been corresponding here.  Revolutionaries and philosophers like Jeanne Jacques Rousseau who heralded  important sentiments  that were  so powerful  and that we still refer  back to today such as  ” men are all born equal, but all I see is chains”,  did  an important role  also in advocating for equality, all this effort  cannot be substituted by anything .
However, I  strongly feel that  these theories  successfully empowered women theoretically and  they did overlooked  one aspect of life  which  is now haunting women  with their education or better phrased’ emancipation’.
Feminism, of course as a human rights issue  for example,  paved way for equality between men and women  through trying to tilt scales of imbalance, but the whole concept was done in a wrong way because tilting scales means there has to be some maintenance of  balance, but because  feminism only targeted women as it’s audience in the first place, it created that sort of isolation of women from the society. That also explains why now even if you want to talk about equality, men tend to ignore it.  As an aftermath, when women are empowered theoretically they then struggle now to penetrate through those positions  and because men with their ego have not been engaged  from the beginning, they refuse to cooperate . That also explains why now even feminists are trying to find the  right ass to lick . But honestly if feminism has been engaging with men more often, there was obviously going to be a swift transition of power without the other party having to lick the right bottom . Well frank enough theoretically as envisaged the feminism ideologies worked, but practically they are failing.

The  thing is- feminism is the theory of encouraging  women to be  better creatures, but in practicality it does not spell out how women ought to relate with men when they have attained the much talked about equality because men have been socialized that they exercise power over women from a tender age and  from a cultural perspective this is common sense, but sad enough women only got to know of  equality at a later stage in life which complicates the whole process of equality and very  few men truthfully  believe in feminism because as a theory  they  ought to have their own  views pertaining  the subject in question .
Feminism also failed to note that  biologically men and women cannot have equal strength , what we can have is equal opportunities, but these opportunities comes with a responsibility too  and women’s sexual desires cannot be quenched by theories, hence the  ‘we don’t really care about men’ ideology is a fallacy.

A few years back during  my high school days, when I was doing literature, I fell in love with two  women feminists, Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie a Nigerian  novelist  and Tsitsi Dangaregmbwa a Zimbabwean playwriter .I was greatly thrilled by Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Dangarembga’s She no longer weeps.

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Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie, Nigerian  novelist and feminist

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Tsitsi Dangarembga, Zimbabwean feminist and play writer

These two women had a lot in common, radicalism,they were radical feminists  and their influence on young girls is  to date so strong .
I too was once ensnared in that net of believing  in feminist ideologies,  because I was naive  I was quick to believe that feminists don’t want men or better phrased,don’t want to get married or they won’t lick anybody’s ass,  but Dangarembga’s  recent marriage proved  that these  beliefs  are nothing but mere  fallacies .
I also did my research right and realised that Adichie on the other hand  is enjoying her successes because she is surrounded by males who  have the keys to unlock doors she can’t herself  , hence she now talks about ‘licking the right ass ‘.she points out clearly that even when one is well qualified, might not be successful if  not aware about how to lick the right ass.
So I noted with utter rage  that feminism like any other  school of thought , is   to do  more with Agenda setting and nothing else . Whether feminists became successful or not, that’s another angle saved for another day.

At some point Adichie had to confess that even  with education,women are still struggling to penetrate through the positions that have been a preserve for men . She reiterated that the higher she has gone up the ladder of success, the less women she had encountered there  which is really worrisome.
When Adichie wrote her novel Purple Hibiscus, she said that a male journalist approached her and said  her book was all about feminism  and warned her that it’s not good to call herself a feminist because feminists are viewed as  people who   hate men and they live miserable lives ,  but Adichie  told herself that  she was going to call herself ‘a happy African feminist’ either way it didn’t change anything because a feminist is a feminist regardless of the wording.
Unperturbed by that journalist,  another woman also approached her and warned her that feminism was un-african, and that  chimamanda had been mainly influenced by western books she studied much .
Sad enough even with her powerful ideologies she failed to change the status quo in Nigeria well the evidence is clear, the abductions targeted at school girls is a reflection that  the society still doesn’t believe in girls education and they haven’t grasped feminist ideologies yet .
I guess that  explains why she now divides her life between Nigeria and America and why she has many  American friends who believe in her ideologies , she is frustrated by little progress feminism has made in Nigeria and the African continent.

Paying a closer look at America itself women who show  feministic tendencies   also suffer from a lot of criticism one notable example is that of  Hillary Clinton who is one of the pioneers of women’s rights in the 21st century, in 1995 she made a powerful speech  articulating that ‘ women’s rights are human rights’ and this  gave birth to many women rights campaigns and activists  coming from hibernation, they voiced up  .
Fast forward to 2016 ,many Americans  see  Clinton as tough and thinks she  should learn to put a smile a bit  and act in a womanly manner than appearing rigid and stern and also engage men in a more friendly  manner  than  being tough  which is masculine, but  who doesn’t know   that  politics is a dog-eat-dog affair  meaning that there is no room for courtesy  .  
During presidential debates when Clinton showed feminine tendencies by  complaining of being nominated to answer the questions first, they were quick  to doubt  her eligibility as a presidential candidate, she was  viewed as  insecure  and lacked the stamina required in politics of dealing with critical and  urgent international issues that America as a  super power  have to deal with on a daily basis  without complaining.
It was really absurd  though to note that  besides that  Clinton was capable, the fact that she was a woman and also  that she  couldn’t lick anybody’s ass she was punished , the electorate  saw it fit to vote for a man whom they themselves have criticized and said he had the weirdest policies  regarding foreigners, Muslims and so forth  because America just couldn’t   have a female president.
I felt that a heavy cloud have hung heavily over all women advocates, it  was really a sad moment   for all feminists in the world.
This clearly depicts the  real  hurdles women are encountering.
Its really difficult for a woman to  climb up the ladder of success without being criticized for one aspect or the other.
Clinton has undoubtedly  worked really hard to be where she is now because she is focused , and its worthy to pay her due credit.

It is from this background now,that is see   the short comings of feminism as a theory. From the onset feminism should have taught  women how to lick the  right ass so that  in future they won’t suffer even if they are qualified. The  real facts about life is that no one can succeed alone, you need other people to help you. Feminists have however  failed to stress out this fact  making women believe they can succeed on their own .Its quiet funny how radical feminists end up getting married, but in the first place having been denouncing marriage, one notable example is that  of chimamanda,  she  influenced other women that  married was the worst institution ever  to be entered into,  yet she is now happily married to a white American  doctor, how misleading she has been with her ideologies!

Globally  we  might have made great strides in as much as empowering women is concerned, but  women are really struggling to hold the same positions with men without being ridiculed.      This is mainly because  power cannot be relinquished easily, those in possession of it  won’t  relinquish it willy nilly , feminists have tried to grab it the harder way,but the  theory had fallen short.
  Anyway,i have  ran short of words but i think that this proverb  summarizes all  ” he who does not know what went wrong, will not remember when the rain began to beat him and worse off will never know how to begin drying himself” we now know what went wrong, lets correct that and make sure women’s dignity is preserved as for feminism, should it  be revised?  Be the judge!

This is what went wrong with feminism :Opinion

“I am lucky to be licking the right ass” ,  a controversial phrase  as it may seem is  from someone who happens to be a feminist. Chimamanda Ngozie  Adichie a successful Nigerian feminist have written a lot of books that are  full of feminist ideologies among them Purple Hibiscus, Half of a yellow sun, We should all be feminists and  Americanah.  The quote I have used an an escort is from her book Americanah and it   begins by saying, “The  biggest problem  in this country is not corruption. The problem is that there are many qualified people who are not where they are supposed to be because they won’t lick anybody’s ass or they don’t know which ass to lick or they don’t even know how to lick an ass. I’m lucky to be licking the right ass”. Whatever that means,I believe its a subjective issue, it depends on how you view it  , but  the phrase did a great job in bringing  me closer to the  main issue of this article which is  feminism and its short comings.

To begin with,  I  would like to applaud feminists both late and living for endangering their lives in standing up against  radicalism which was  and is still rife within the spheres of life which continue to  subjugate women in all forms.   The forerunners did a great job and without their effort the likes of myself and my fellow female colleagues would not have  been corresponding here.  Revolutionaries and philosophers like Jeanne Jacques Rousseau who heralded  important sentiments  that were  so powerful  and that we still refer  back to today such as  ” men are all born equal, but all I see is chains”,  did  an important role  also in advocating for equality, all this effort  cannot be substituted by anything .
However, I  strongly feel that  these theories  successfully empowered women theoretically and  they did overlooked  one aspect of life  which  is now haunting women  with their education or better phrased’ emancipation’.
Feminism, of course as a human rights issue  for example,  paved way for equality between men and women  through trying to tilt scales of imbalance, but the whole concept was done in a wrong way because tilting scales means there has to be some maintenance of  balance, but feminists went all the way  rallying for women to be at par with men while forgetting that by so doing they were alienating women from men who were sitting rigid on the  positions women were  preparing so much to take . As an aftermath, when women are empowered theoretically they then struggle now to penetrate through those positions  and because men with their ego have not been engaged  from the beginning, they refuse to cooperate . That also explains the beginning of  ‘licking the right bottom affair’. But honestly if feminism has been engaging with men more often, there was obviously going to be a swift transition of power without the other party having to lick the right bottom . Well frank enough theoretically as envisaged the feminism ideologies worked, but practically they are failing.

The  thing is- feminism is the theory of encouraging  women to be  better creatures, but in practicality it does not spell out how women ought to relate with men when they have attained the much talked about equality because men have been socialized that they exercise power over women from a tender age and  from a cultural perspective this is common sense, but sad enough women only got to know of  equality at a later stage in life which complicates the whole process of equality and very  few men truthfully  believe in feminism because as a theory  they  ought to have their own  views pertaining  the subject in question .
Feminism also failed to note that  biologically men and women cannot have equal strength , what we can have is equal opportunities, but these opportunities comes with a responsibility too  and women’s sexual desires cannot be quenched by theories, hence the  ‘we don’t really care about men’ ideology is a fallacy.

A few years back during  my high school days, when I was doing literature, I fell in love with two  women feminists, Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie a Nigerian  novelist  and Tsitsi Dangaregmbwa a Zimbabwean playwriter .I was greatly thrilled by Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus and Dangarembga’s She no longer weeps.

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Chimamanda Ngozie Adichie, Nigerian  novelist and feminist

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Tsitsi Dangarembga, Zimbabwean feminist and play writer

These two women had a lot in common, radicalism,they were radical feminists  and their influence on young girls is  to date so strong .
I too was once ensnared in that net of believing  in feminist ideologies,  because I was naive  I was quick to believe that feminists don’t want men or better phrased,don’t want to get married or they won’t lick anybody’s ass,  but Dangarembga’s  recent marriage proved  that these  beliefs  are nothing but mere  fallacies .
I also did my research right and realised that Adichie on the other hand  is enjoying her successes because she is surrounded by males who  have the keys to unlock doors she can’t herself  , hence she now talks about ‘licking the right ass ‘.she points out clearly that even when one is well qualified, might not be successful if  not aware about how to lick the right ass.
So I noted with utter rage  that feminism like any other  school of thought , is   to do  more with Agenda setting and nothing else . Whether feminists became successful or not, that’s another angle saved for another day.

At some point Adichie had to confess that even  with education,women are still struggling to penetrate through the positions that have been a preserve for men . She reiterated that the higher she has gone up the ladder of success, the less women she had encountered there  which is really worrisome.
When Adichie wrote her novel Purple Hibiscus, she said that a male journalist approached her and said  her book was all about feminism  and warned her that it’s not good to call herself a feminist because feminists are viewed as  people who   hate men and they live miserable lives ,  but Adichie  told herself that  she was going to call herself ‘a happy African feminist’ either way it didn’t change anything because a feminist is a feminist regardless of the wording.
Unperturbed by that journalist,  another woman also approached her and warned her that feminism was un-african, and that  chimamanda had been mainly influenced by western books she studied much .
Sad enough even with her powerful ideologies she failed to change the status quo in Nigeria well the evidence is clear, the abductions targeted at school girls is a reflection that  the society still doesn’t believe in girls education and they haven’t grasped feminist ideologies yet .
I guess that  explains why she now divides her life between Nigeria and America and why she has many  American friends who believe in her ideologies , she is frustrated by little progress feminism has made in Nigeria and the African continent.

Paying a closer look at America itself women who show  feministic tendencies   also suffer from a lot of criticism one notable example is that of  Hillary Clinton who is one of the pioneers of women’s rights in the 21st century, in 1995 she made a powerful speech  articulating that ‘ women’s rights are human rights’ and this  gave birth to many women rights campaigns and activists  coming from hibernation, they voiced up  .
Fast forward to 2016 ,many Americans  see  Clinton as tough and thinks she  should learn to put a smile a bit  and act in a womanly manner than appearing rigid and stern and also engage men in a more friendly  manner  than  being tough  which is masculine, but  who doesn’t know   that  politics is a dog-eat-dog affair  meaning that there is no room for courtesy  .  
During presidential debates when Clinton showed feminine tendencies by  complaining of being nominated to answer the questions first, they were quick  to doubt  her eligibility as a presidential candidate, she was  viewed as  insecure  and lacked the stamina required in politics of dealing with critical and  urgent international issues that America as a  super power  have to deal with on a daily basis  without complaining.
It was really absurd  though to note that  besides that  Clinton was capable, the fact that she was a woman and also  that she  couldn’t lick anybody’s ass she was punished , the electorate  saw it fit to vote for a man whom they themselves have criticized and said he had the weirdest policies  regarding foreigners, Muslims and so forth  because America just couldn’t   have a female president.
I felt that a heavy cloud have hung heavily over all women advocates, it  was really a sad moment   for all feminists in the world.
This clearly depicts the  real  hurdles women are encountering.
Its really difficult for a woman to  climb up the ladder of success without being criticized for one aspect or the other.
Clinton has undoubtedly  worked really hard to be where she is now because she is focused , and its worthy to pay her due credit.

It is from this background now, where feminism as a theory has failed   that women after having exhausted all tricks in their bags, i mean after getting tired of  talking about the equality theories,  international  agreements such as the Beijing declaration  and laws  which were meant to empower women  in totality , they resort to using’bottom power’ because  it is  now clear that our societies African or not have no place for  feminism. Women who have made huge successes in the end, they are let down just like that, Clinton is again an example.
Bottom power is when  women offer sex as a bait to entice  men in higher positions so that  she can acquire a certain post at work, acquire a higher grade at  school or any other favors in various life cycles in spite that academic wise she is okay or is eligible of holding that  post, those who are not willing to use bottom power are the ones suffering at large .
Bottom power  however reduces women to mere shadows of those who hold the unlocking keys.
Using bottom power, doesn’t necessary denotes that women are  unfit, its a  tactic being used to make life easier when the academic papers  and feminism as a human rights issue has failed to yield the  much expected results.

Globally  we  might have made great strides in as much as empowering women is concerned, but the fact still stands, within the corridors of our work, schools and other spheres of life, bottom power is at loose. This is mainly because, power cannot be relinquished easily, those in possession of it  won’t  relinquish it willy nilly , feminists have tried to grab it the harder way,but the  theory had fallen short , so now a  soft method approach  looks promising and women  using bottom power are  succeeding to some point.
Only time will tell before something else erupts up, we just have to wait and see.
  Anyway,i have  ran short of words but i think that this proverb  summarizes all  ” he who does not know what went wrong, will not remember when the rain began to beat him and worse off will never know how to begin drying himself” we now know what went wrong, lets correct that and make sure women’s dignity is preserved as for feminism, should it  be revised?  Be the judge!